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Purpose of the paper
1. This paper seeks public comment on the DFSA's proposals to implement an
electronic prudential reporting system, along with some minor revisions to the
current reporting requirements. The intention behind implementing an electronic
prudential reporting system and the revised reporting requirements is to enhance
the effectiveness of the DFSA's risk-based supervisory approach, to improve
efficiency for Authorised Firms and the DFSA, and improve the availability of
aggregate data on the activity levels of Firms in the DIFC.
Who should read this paper?
How is this paper structured?
3. In this paper, we set out:
(a) defined terms in paragraphs 6 to 7;
(b) background in paragraphs 8 to 11;
(c) current requirements for submission of prudential returns in paragraphs
12 to 14;
(d) proposed EPRS and revised reporting requirements in paragraphs 15 to
31 and Annexes A to C;
(e) consequential changes to the DFSA Rulebook, in paragraphs 32 to 36
and Annexes D to H;
(f) costs and benefits associated with implementation of the EPRS in
paragraphs 37 to 43;
(g) handling of information collected in the EPRS in paragraphs 44 to 45;
(h) technological considerations and solutions in paragraphs 46 to 49; and
(i) implementation in paragraphs 50 to 52.
How to provide comments?
4. All comments should be provided to the person specified below. You may, if
relevant, identify the organisation you represent in providing your comments.
The DFSA reserves the right to publish, including on its website, any comments
you provide, unless you expressly request otherwise at the time of making
What happens next?
5. The deadline for providing comments on these proposals is 24th June 2007.
Once we receive your comments, we will consider if any further changes are
required to these proposals. We will then proceed to make the necessary
changes to the DFSA's Rulebook covering all amendments resulting from this
paper. However as the changes recommended in this paper are still proposals,
you should not act on them until the relevant changes to the DFSA Rulebook are
made. We will issue a notice on our website telling you when this happens.
Comments to be addressed to:
Mr Prasanna Seshachellam
Senior Manager, Supervision
PO Box 75850
or e-mailed to: PSeshachellam@dfsa.ae
6. Generally, capitalised terms used are defined terms in the Glossary (GLO) Module
of the DFSA Rulebook. For example:
(a) "Annual Regulatory Returns" means an annual regulatory return of the type
[PIN Rule A10.3.1];
(b) "Authorised Firm" means a Person, other than an Authorised Market
Institution, who holds a Licence;
(f) "Quarterly Regulatory Return" means a quarterly return of the type
[PIN Rule A10.3.2]; and
(g) "Return" includes both Quarterly Regulatory Returns and Annual
7. The following terms are regularly used in this paper and have the following
(a) "DIFCA" means the Dubai International Financial Centre Authority;
(b) "EPRS" means the proposed DFSA electronic prudential reporting system;
(c) "Firm" means an Authorised Firm; and
(d) "return" and/or "prudential return" includes both a return specified in PIB
and a Return specified in PIN.
8. Regulated banks and other financial institutions across the world are required to
provide accounting and prudential information to their regulators on a periodic
basis. This requirement is usually met by way of a set of prudential returns and
accounting reports that regulated firms are mandated to submit to their regulator
at specified intervals.
9. Such reporting arrangements are seen as an essential regulatory tool to enable
regulators to assess, monitor and control the risk profile of regulated firms
individually and collectively on a systemic basis. The submission of prudential
returns also enables regulators to effectively carry out off-site supervisory tasks,
which are an integral part of any effective risk-based supervisory approach.
10. International best practice standards on prudential regulation, such as the Core
Principles for Effective Banking Supervision developed by the Basel Committee
on Banking Supervision, stipulate that regulators must establish and implement a
system of prudential returns to ensure effective off-site supervision and to
achieve a good understanding of the firm-specific as well as systemic risk levels.
11. Consistent with such standards, Firms operating in the DIFC are currently
required to prepare and submit prudential returns in accordance with the rules
and guidance prescribed in PIB, PIN and in PRU. These rules prescribe the
applicable returns to be submitted by Firms in different prudential categories,
applicable frequency of reporting, reporting deadlines and required level of
authentication on the returns.
Current requirements for submission of prudential returns
12. The prudential returns forms, along with detailed guidelines for completion, are
contained in PRU. Currently, Firms are required to submit the applicable
prudential returns in paper with a formal signed declaration by appropriate
officers of the Firm.
13. The PIB forms contained in PRU, focus on the primary financial accounting
statements, information on risk exposures and calculation of capital adequacy
position of Firms. These returns also require specific reports on liquidity risk
position, large exposures to monitor concentration risk and non-performing loans
and provisions for credit losses. The current PIB returns do not require the
submission of adequate information to assess and monitor risk levels in some
aspects such as, geographic concentration of credit and counterparty risk,
currency and transfer risks.
14. Overall, the PIN forms contained in PRU require the submission of adequate
information to assess and monitor risk levels. However, further submissions in
relation to net earned premiums and claims incurred are required to enable a
more comprehensive risk assessment.
Proposed electronic prudential reporting system and revised reporting
15. The DFSA proposes to establish and implement a more comprehensive system
for regulatory reporting by Firms. This system will provide an electronic medium
for submission of reports along with a revised set of reporting requirements.
16. The DFSA believes that making use of appropriate technology will assist Firms in
the provision of reporting data and allow the DFSA to manage, process and
analyse that data more efficiently.
17. After the implementation of the new system, Firms will still be required to submit
the forms currently specified in PIB, PIN and PRU (albeit electronically) with
relatively minor change. However, there will be some additional reporting
requirements in respect of the activity levels of the Firm.
Revisions to Existing Forms
18. Annex AAnnex A
includes a copy of all current PIB forms with any revised reporting
requirements highlighted on the forms. The changes primarily affect PIB Forms
1, 2 and 9.
19. The revised reporting requirements in relation to these forms will facilitate
reporting in accordance with the International Financial Reporting Standards and
will also reduce the number of data items required to be reported as part of the
calculation of risk weights for credit risk exposures in the non-trading book. This
reduction in data items will be made possible partly because of the efficiencies
and flexibility derived from the use of an electronic reporting system.
20. Annex BAnnex B
includes a copy of all current PIN forms with any revised reporting
requirements highlighted on the forms. The changes are minor and primarily
affect PIN forms 1, 4 and 5. The additional information required in PIN form 1 will
allow the DFSA to assess Firm liquidity. Additional tables will be inserted in PIN
forms 4 and 5 to capture information regarding net earned premiums and net
incurred claims. The submission by Firms of this information will allow the DFSA
to understand the loss experience that an Insurer may sustain by Class of
21. There will be no change to the category of Firms required to submit the existing
forms. The requirement to submit these forms will continue to be as currently set
out in PIB, PIN and PRU.
22. The amendments to the forms set out in Annexes A and B are provided for
illustrative purposes only. The format of the forms and the proposed
amendments may change prior to the implementation of the EPRS.
23. The PIN forms included in Annex BAnnex B
indicate the changes being proposed as part
of the implementation of the EPRS. Further changes to PIN forms were
proposed as part of Consultation Paper 44
("Proposals Relating to Direct Long-Term Insurance,
Credit Insurance and Group Supervision"), consultation on which closed on 3
May 2007. To gain a full picture of the proposed future reporting requirements
for Insurers, the forms in Annex BAnnex B
should be read in conjunction with
Consultation Paper 44
("Proposals Relating to Direct Long-Term Insurance,
Credit Insurance and Group Supervision"). The two sets of proposals are,
however, independent of each other. If, after consultation, both sets of changes
are approved, they will be integrated without conflict.
24. Annex CAnnex C
contains a copy of the proposed new forms required to be submitted by
Firms. All new forms are PIB forms. The forms a Firm is required to submit will
be determined based on the financial service(s) for which a Firm is authorised.
25. The new forms will capture information regarding the activity levels of Firms
covering matters such as, product volumes, trading volumes, amount of
investments being arranged on behalf of clients, number of client accounts or
portfolios being managed, amount of assets under management in portfolio
management schemes and number of funds being sold in or from the DIFC.
26. The new forms will also capture data on credit activity such as details of credit
disbursals and credit outstanding for any reporting period, including composition
of credit activity in terms of type of borrower, by product category, by geographic
and sector distribution of borrower, by maturity and by currency of denomination.
27. Most of the information captured on the new forms is essential for effective off-site
prudential risk assessment. Much of the new information submitted to the
DFSA by Firms will enable the DFSA to assess and monitor risk and activity
levels on a Firm-specific basis as well as on a system-wide basis.
28. In addition to enabling the DFSA to assess and monitor risk and activity levels of
Firms, the new information will also assist in the following ways:
(a) information on geographic distribution and currency of credit will assist in
assessing the impact of activities in the DIFC on the macroeconomic
position of the UAE and the GCC; and
(b) information on credit by product category will allow analysis of the size and
growth of the market in the DIFC for various product segments; and
(c) information on geographic distribution of credit and currency-wide
distribution of credit will assist in the assessment of systemic risk in the
29. The forms contained in Annex CAnnex C
are provided for illustrative purposes only. The
format of the forms and the content may change prior to the implementation of
[PIB Rule 1.6] requires officers of Firms to sign returns. Similarly [PIN Rule 6]
requires returns to include a Statement of Directors. The requirement for
appropriate sign-off of returns in writing by officers and or directors of Firms will
continue after the implementation of the EPRS.
31. Although sign-off in writing will still be required, it is not the DFSA's intention to
compel Firms to submit these sign-offs at the time of electronic submission of
returns. Rather, the DFSA is proposing to implement a process whereby Firms
will be required to complete the appropriate sign-offs at the time of the
submission of returns and maintain a copy of such sign-off on file for the DFSA to
view on demand or at the next on-site supervisory meeting.
Consequential changes to the GEN, PIB and PIN Modules of the DFSA Rulebook
32. Consequential changes to GEN, PIB and PIN are set out in Annexes D to H.
33. These consequential changes arise mainly on account of the new mandatory
obligation on Firms to submit returns required pursuant to PIB and PIN using
34. The DFSA Board recently resolved to de-couple PRU from the Rulebook and
make it a Sourcebook and a repository of all prudential forms and instructional
guidelines. The only provisions in PRU that needed to be maintained as Rules
were those provisions relating to PIN forms contained in old PRU Chapter 3.
These provisions (old PRU Rules 3.1
) have been moved to PIN
Appendix 10. The information relating to completion of forms in old PRU Chapter
3 (old PRU Rules 3.5
) have been reformatted and maintained in
PRU as new PIN form 11: Instruction Guidelines.
35. It is envisaged that forms and information contained in PRU will mirror the forms
and information in EPRS.
36. Consultation Papers 42
("Proposed Enhancements to the DFSA Rulebook to
Meet International Best Practice Standards"), 44
("Proposals Relating to Direct
Long-Term Insurance, Credit Insurance and Group Supervision") and 45
("Proposals to Refine the Definitions of Related Parties") set out a series of
amendments to PRU, PIB and PIN that are currently being considered.
Costs and benefits of the proposed EPRS
37. The desire to design and implement the proposed EPRS as a simple framework
without excessive complications has been the foremost principle guiding the
DFSA's efforts in developing the EPRS.
38. The DFSA's approach seeks to balance the need for a robust technological
solution that is fit for purpose with the desire to minimise operational costs and
burden for the DFSA and Firms. The DFSA is mindful of not over-engineering
the solution and ensuring that the costs and implications remain proportionate to
39. The primary benefits of implementing the EPRS for Firms and the DFSA include:
• removing the need for paper-based preparation, submission and manual
processing, validation and analysis of data;
• providing greater certainty for Firms reporting via on-screen validation
checks and automated receipt of submitted returns; and
• supporting the DFSA's objectives of producing and publishing accurate,
consistent and timely aggregated data on the activities carried out within
40. The costs of implementing the EPRS include the:
• direct implementation costs associated with the EPRS design, build and
• ongoing costs associated with the operation of the EPRS; and
• development and implementation of additional internal systems for
collection of required data by Firms.
41. The direct implementation costs will result in an increase to the overall
operational costs of the DFSA in 2007. It is the DFSA's intention to absorb this
cost rather than pass this cost on to Firms directly.
42. The ongoing costs of maintaining the EPRS will form part of the DFSA's
operational costs. By way of example, the cost of licensing the EPRS, estimated
to be US$1,500 to US$2,000 per Firm, will be met by the DFSA. A proportion of
these costs will be recovered from Firms by way of the DFSA's normal fee
43. The proposed EPRS will result in varying levels of incremental reporting
obligations for Firms dependent on the financial service(s) for which a Firm is
authorised. The incremental regulatory reporting requirements for Firms arising
out of the proposed EPRS are illustrated in the table below. The financial
services not included in the table do not require the preparation or submission of
any new forms.
|Financial Services Activity
||Number of new forms|
|Accepting Deposits ||3
|Providing Credit ||3
|Dealing in Investments as Principal ||1
|Arranging Credit or Deals in Investments and Advising on
Financial Products or Credit (mainly in relation to Wealth
Management business)|| 1
|Managing Assets ||1
|Operating a Collective Investment Fund|| 1
|Dealing in investments as agent (mainly in relation to Brokerage
|Providing Custody ||1
|Providing Trust Services|| 1
|Providing Fund Administration|| 1
|Acting as the Trustee of a Fund|| 1
|Other forms Applicable to all Firms — Related party transactions|| 1
Handling of information collected as part of EPRS
44. The proposed EPRS includes a database to collect and store the data being
reported by Firms and a software application to analyse the data collected for the
purposes of assessing and monitoring prudential risk levels, both on a Firm-specific
and systemic basis.
45. The application for analysis of data collected will also be designed to provide
analytical reports to the DFSA that may be used (subject to the DFSA's
obligations for protection, use and disclosure of information set out in Regulatory
Law No 1 of 2004
) in preparing and providing information on an aggregate basis
to external stakeholders such as, the UAE Central Bank, DIFCA, relevant
Government Ministries within Dubai and the UAE, and general public
dissemination via appropriate means. It is the DFSA's intention that the provision
of such information will only be on an aggregate level.
Technological considerations and solution
46. The DFSA has considered both off-the-shelf and custom made financial reporting
and analysis solutions. Based on its review, it has concluded that adequate off-the-shelf solutions are available and, that the development of a custom made
solution would present an unacceptable level of risk, in terms of quality, cost and
47. Whilst undertaking its review the following matters were of primary importance to
• the complexity of the underlying technology;
• the resulting need for hardware and software for both the DFSA and the
• submission options (online via web, offline via downloadable forms or
vendor software package or uploading of information via XML files or
vendor software package);
• security; and
• the direct and indirect costs for Firms and the DFSA associated with
implementing and maintaining the system.
48. The DFSA has identified a number of potential vendors of off-the-shelf solutions
and is currently in the process of finalising its selection. Irrespective of the
vendor selected, the system implemented will contain at a minimum the following
• online submission via web forms (the DFSA considers this submission
method the most cost effective as it will not require Firms to invest in
hardware or software);
• no specific hardware needs to be installed by Firms;
• the ability to complete forms in multiple sittings;
• automated confirmation upon receipt of forms by the DFSA;
• where appropriate, on line validation checks and reconciliation between
data items contained in the forms;
• the ability to print a version of the forms submitted to the DFSA.
49. Security of the system will be ensured via two levels. Firstly, access to the
relevant web page will be via SSL connection thereby ensuring any data
transferred will be encrypted, and secondly entry to the EPRS only available
upon username and password authentication.
Implementation of the electronic prudential reporting system
50. Use of the EPRS will be mandatory for all Firms.
51. The DFSA is aiming to have the EPRS implemented and available for Firms to
use by the end of the fourth quarter of 2007. If the EPRS is implemented by the
end of the fourth quarter 2007, Firms will be required to submit forms
electronically in 2008 commencing with the reporting period ending December 31
52. New proposed PIB Rule 1.6 (contained in Annex EAnnex E
) and new proposed PIN Rule
6.5.1 (contained in Annex GAnnex G
) contain the provisions relating to submission of
returns. Pursuant to these Rules the DFSA will issue a notice announcing when
the EPRS is in operation, after which time Authorised Firms will be required to
submit returns using the EPRS in accordance with any instructions set out in the
notice and any instructions provided in the EPRS and the Rules.
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