54. Fraud and market manipulation

A person shall not, in the DIFC or elsewhere, by any means, directly or indirectly, engage or participate in any act, practice or course of conduct relating to Investments that the person knows or reasonably ought to know:

(a) results in or contributes to, or may result in or contribute to, a false or misleading impression as to the supply of, demand for or price of one or more Investments;
(b) creates or is likely to create an artificial price for one or more Investments; or
(c) perpetrates a fraud on any person.