Entire Section

  • Recognition (REC) [VER12/01-18]

    • REC 1 REC 1 Application of the Recognition Module

      • REC 1.1 REC 1.1 Application

        • REC 1.1.1 REC 1.1.1

          This module (REC) applies to every Recognised Person and to applicants for admission to the list of Recognised Persons under Part 3 of the Markets Law 2012.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

          • REC 1.1.1 Guidance

            1. A Recognised Person is defined in Article 37(3) as a Recognised body or a Recognised Member. A Recognised Body and a Recognised Member are also defined in Article 37(3) as follows:
            a. "recognised body" means a person which operates an exchange, clearing house or alternative trading system in a jurisdiction other than the DIFC which has been admitted to, and appears on, the list of recognised bodies maintained by the DFSA pursuant to this Article.
            b. "recognised member" means a person located in a jurisdiction other than the DIFC which has been admitted to, and appears on, the list of recognised members maintained by the DFSA pursuant to this article.
            2. References to Articles made in this module are references to Articles in the Markets Law 2012 unless otherwise stated.
            3. This module is divided into three main chapters. Chapter 2 sets out the requirements for admission to the list of Recognised Persons, including the Recognition Criteria a Recognised Person must satisfy at the time of admission to the list of Recognised Persons and on a continuing basis. Chapter 3 sets out types of information a Recognised Person must provide the DFSA with on an ongoing basis, and in the case of a Recognised Body the information that must be included in its annual report to the DFSA. Chapter 4 sets out the process for a Recognised Person to request removal from the list of Recognised Persons, and also contains the requirements on the DFSA if it removes a Recognised Person from the list.
            4. The following parts of the DFSA Rulebook also apply to Recognised Persons:
            Module Applicable chapters
            General (GEN) GEN 1 and GEN 6
            Enforcement (ENF) All chapters
            5. The Regulatory Policy and Process Sourcebook (RPP) may also be relevant to Recognised Persons.
            Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

    • REC 2 REC 2 Admission to the List of Recognised Persons

      • REC 2.1 REC 2.1 Application

        • REC 2.1.1

          This chapter applies to every Recognised Person except to the extent that a provision provides for a narrower application.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 2.2 REC 2.2 Recognition as a recognised person

        • REC 2.2 Guidance

          1. The DFSA may only admit a Person to its list of Recognised Persons if it appears to the DFSA that such Person satisfies and will continue to satisfy the Recognition Criteria.
          2. An applicant, or potential applicant for Recognition is advised to contact the DFSA to discuss their application at the earliest possible opportunity prior to the submission of any written documentation.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 2.2.1 REC 2.2.1

          An applicant to be a Recognised Person must submit a written application to the DFSA demonstrating how the applicant satisfies or intends to satisfy the relevant Recognition Criteria at the date of Recognition and on an ongoing basis.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

          • REC 2.2.1 Guidance

            A written application should also set out the basic general information relating to an applicant for a Recognised Person, including:

            a. its name;
            b. any business name or trading name it intends to use in the DIFC, if different to (a);
            c. the address of its registered office and head office; and
            d. the name of the Authorised Market Institution or ATS Operator upon which it is applying for membership.
            Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 2.2.2

          In assessing an application for Recognition the DFSA may:

          (a) carry out any enquiries which it considers appropriate including enquiries independent of the applicant;
          (b) require the applicant to submit such additional information as the DFSA may reasonably require;
          (c) require any information submitted by the applicant to be verified in such manner as the DFSA may specify; and
          (d) take into account any information which the DFSA considers appropriate in relation to the applicant.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 2.2.3

          If an applicant becomes aware of a material change in circumstances that is reasonably likely to be relevant to an application which is under consideration by the DFSA, it must inform the DFSA of the change in writing, without delay.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 2.3 REC 2.3 Determination of applications and references

        • REC 2.3.1 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

        • REC 2.3.2 REC 2.3.2 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

          • REC 2.3.2 Guidance

            Determination of applications

            1. Where the DFSA recognises a Person pursuant to Article 37 of the Law, it will include such person in its list of Recognised Persons.

            References

            2. If the DFSA proposes to refuse an application for Recognition it is required under Article 37(9) of the Law to comply with the procedures in schedule 3 to the Regulatory Law.
            3. If the DFSA decides to refuse an application for Recognition, the applicant may refer the matter to the FMT for review under Article 37(10) of the Law.
            4. Under Article 29 of the Regulatory Law, a Person who commences a reference to the FMT, must do so within 30 days of the notification of the relevant decision.
            5. The form of submission that a reference must take is specified in the rules of procedures of the FMT.
            Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]
            [Amended] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

      • REC 2.4 REC 2.4 Recognition criteria for recognised bodies

        • REC 2.4.1

          For the purposes of Article 37(6) of the Law the Recognition Criteria for a Recognised Body are that:

          (a) it is licensed or otherwise authorised to operate an exchange, clearing house or alternative trading system in a jurisdiction acceptable to the DFSA;
          (b) it is regulated by a Financial Services Regulator to a standard satisfactory to the DFSA;
          (c) the law and practice under which the Recognised Body is licensed or otherwise authorised is broadly equivalent to the DFSA's regulatory regime as it applies to a DIFC Exchange;
          (d) adequate arrangements exist, or will exist for co-operation between the DFSA and the Financial Services Regulator responsible for the Recognised Body's licensing and regulation.
          (e) it has its head and registered offices outside of the DIFC; and
          (f) it operates to a standard which would reasonably satisfy the Licensing Requirements for Authorised Market Institutions set out in AMI.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 2.5 REC 2.5 Recognition criteria for recognised members

        • REC 2.5.1

          For the purposes of Article 37(6) of the Law the Recognition Criteria for a Recognised Member are that:

          (a) it is licensed or otherwise authorised to trade on or use the facilities of an exchange, clearing house or alternative trading system in a jurisdiction acceptable to the DFSA;
          (b) it is regulated in respect of the trading in (a) by a Financial Services Regulator to a standard satisfactory to the DFSA;
          (c) the law and practice under which the Recognised Member is licensed or otherwise authorised is broadly equivalent to the DFSA's regulatory regime as it applies to a DIFC Member;
          (d) adequate arrangements exist, or will exist for co-operation between the DFSA and the Financial Services Regulator responsible for the Recognised Member's licensing and regulation.
          (e) when using the facilities of an exchange, clearing house or alternative trading system in the DIFC, it does not exceed the scope of the activities it is licensed to carry on by its Financial Services Regulator;
          (f) subject to 2.5.2, it carries on business in a jurisdiction other than the DIFC and has its head and registered offices outside of the DIFC; and
          (g) subject to 2.5.3, when dealing on an Exchange or Alternative Trading System in the DIFC, it does so only for:
          (i) non-DIFC customers; or
          (ii) DIFC customers for whom it deals as a result of an unsolicited request for execution-only services.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 2.5.2

          Rule 2.5.1(e) does not prevent a Recognised Member which has a Branch which is an Authorised Firm from carrying on a Financial Service in or from the DIFC through such Branch.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 2.5.3

          Rule 2.5.1(g) does not apply to:

          (a) a Recognised Member which is licensed and supervised by a Financial Services Regulator in the UAE; and
          (b) a Recognised Member which has a Branch which is an Authorised Firm.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

    • REC 3 REC 3 General Provisions

      • REC 3.1 REC 3.1 Application

        • REC 3.1.1

          This chapter applies to every Recognised Person except to the extent that a provision provides for a narrower application.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 3.2 REC 3.2 Supervisory approach

        • REC 3.2 Guidance

          The DFSA will rely upon a Recognised Person's lead Financial Services Regulator to supervise a Recognised Person. The focus of DFSA's interest will be on the DIFC and on those activities of the Recognised Person that may impact the DIFC.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 3.3 REC 3.3 Core information

        • REC 3.3.1

          A Recognised Person must provide the DFSA with reasonable advance notice of a change in:

          (a) its name;
          (b) any business name or trading name it uses in the DIFC, if different to (a); or
          (c) the address of its registered office or head office in its home jurisdiction.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 3.4 REC 3.4 Reporting

        • REC 3.4.1

          A Recognised Body must notify the DFSA immediately upon the granting, modification, variation, withdrawal or refusal of any application for, or revocation of, licensing, recognition or authorisation:

          (a) in the jurisdiction in which the Recognised Body has its head office or principal business; and
          (b) in any other jurisdiction to the extent that the relevant licensing, recognition or authorisation relates to operating an exchange, clearing house or alternative trading system.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 3.4.2

          A Recognised Person must notify the DFSA immediately upon the granting, modification, variation, withdrawal or refusal of an application for, or revocation of membership of an exchange, clearing house or alternative trading system, including membership of an Authorised Market Institution.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 3.4.3

          A Recognised Person must provide the DFSA with a copy of any information provided to any Financial Services Regulator to which the Recognised Person is subject and which is relevant to its status as a Recognised Person.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 3.4.4 REC 3.4.4

          Notwithstanding Rules 3.4.1 to 3.4.3, a Recognised Person must notify the DFSA as soon as possible of:

          (a) anything which causes or may cause it to fail to satisfy the Recognition Criteria;
          (b) it becoming aware that a Financial Services Regulator has started an investigation into the affairs of the Recognised Person;
          (c) the appointment of inspectors, howsoever named, by a Financial Services Regulator to investigate or manage the affairs of the Recognised Person;
          (d) the imposition of disciplinary measures or disciplinary sanctions on the Recognised Person by any Financial Services Regulator; or
          (e) any significant event or anything else relating to the Recognised Person of which the DFSA would reasonably expect to be notified.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

          • REC 3.4.4 Guidance

            1. The DFSA does not require notification from a Recognised Person, for the purposes of Rule 3.4.2(b) or (c), where the activities of the Financial Services Regulator are part of a routine or regular inspection or audit of the affairs of the Recognised Person.
            2. Events which may cause a Recognised Person to be unable to meet the Recognition Criteria include significant changes to any relevant laws or regulations in its home jurisdiction, which:
            a. govern exchanges, clearing houses or alternative trading systems;
            b. are designed to prevent market abuse or money laundering;
            c. affect the ability of a Recognised Body to seek information from its users;
            d. affect the ability of a Recognised Person to provide information to the DFSA; or
            e. requires significant changes to a Recognised Body's organisation, structure or practices.
            Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 3.4.5 REC 3.4.5 Suspected Market Abuse

          (1) A Recognised Member must notify the DFSA immediately if it:
          (a) receives an order from a Client, or arranges or executes a transaction with or for a Client; and
          (b) has reasonable grounds to suspect that the order or transaction may constitute Market Abuse.
          (2) The notification under (1) must specify:
          (a) sufficient details of the order or transaction; and
          (b) the reasons for the Recognised Member suspecting that the order or transaction may constitute Market Abuse.
          (3) A Recognised Member must not inform the Client, or any other Person involved in the order or transaction, of a notification under this Rule.
          Derived from DFSA RM191/2016 (Made 7th December 2016). [VER11/02-17]

          • REC 3.4.5 Guidance

            1. Recognised Members should note that conduct which occurs outside the DIFC is only Market Abuse under Part 6 of the Markets Law (and therefore subject to the notification requirement in REC Rule 3.4.5) if it affects DIFC markets or users of DIFC markets.
            2. Further Guidance on the requirement to notify the DFSA of suspected Market Abuse can be found after GEN Rule 11.10.12A (the equivalent requirement for an Authorised Firm).
            Derived from DFSA RM191/2016 (Made 7th December 2016). [VER11/02-17]

      • REC 3.5 REC 3.5 Annual report

        • REC 3.5.1

          A Recognised Body must submit to the DFSA an annual report in accordance with Rule 3.5.2 within four months of its financial year end.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 3.5.2 REC 3.5.2

          A Recognised Body's annual report must include:

          (a) a copy of its annual report and accounts, including any consolidated annual report and accounts of any Group of which the Recognised Body is a member;
          (b) notwithstanding Rule 3.4.4(a), confirmation that the Recognised Body has satisfied the Recognition Criteria throughout the previous 12 months and is continuing to satisfy the Recognition Criteria; and
          (c) if the Recognised Body has not satisfied the Recognition Criteria in any respect, an explanation of why the Recognised Body failed to satisfy the Recognition Criteria and what actions it is taking to satisfy the Recognition Criteria.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

          • REC 3.5.2 Guidance

            The annual report may be submitted to the DFSA in either hard copy or electronic form.

            Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 3.5.3 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM200/2017 (Made 19th April 2017). [VER12/01-18]

      • REC 3.6 REC 3.6 Communication with and notification to the DFSA

        • REC 3.6.1 REC 3.6.1

          A Recognised Person must deal with the DFSA in an open and co-operative manner.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

          • REC 3.6.1 Guidance

            GEN section 6.10 sets out Rules about how information is to be provided to the DFSA.

            Derived from DFSA DFSA RM178/2016 (Made 19 June 2016). [VER10/08-16]

        • REC 3.6.2 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM178/2016 (Made 19 June 2016). [VER10/08-16]

        • REC 3.6.2

          A Recognised Person must ensure that any communication with the DFSA is conducted in the English language.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]
          [Amended] DFSA RM178/2016 (Made 19 June 2016). [VER10/08-16]

    • REC 4 REC 4 Removal from the List of Recognised Persons

      • REC 4.1 REC 4.1 Application

        • REC 4.1.1

          This chapter applies to every Recognised Person except to the extent that a provision provides for a narrower application.

          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 4.2 REC 4.2 Removal from the list of Recognised Persons at theRecognised Body's request

        • REC 4.2.1

          A Recognised Body which requests to have its name removed from the list of Recognised Persons must submit such request in writing stating:

          (a) the reasons for the request;
          (b) that it has ceased or will cease to offer access to its facilities to Persons located in the DIFC;
          (c) the date on which it ceased or will cease to offer access to its facilities to Persons located in the DIFC; and
          (e) that it has discharged, or will discharge, all obligations owed to Persons located in the DIFC.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 4.3 REC 4.3 Removal from the list of Recognised Persons at the Recognised Member's request

        • REC 4.3.1

          If a Recognised Member wishes to have its name removed from the list of Recognised Persons it must submit a request in writing stating:

          (a) the reasons for the request;
          (b) that it is no longer a Member of an Authorised Market Institution or will no longer be a Member of Authorised Market Institution;
          (c) the date on which its membership was terminated or will be terminated; and
          (d) that it has discharged, or will discharge, all obligations owed to any Person in the DIFC which have arisen as a result of its recognised status.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

      • REC 4.4 REC 4.4 Removal from the list of Recognised Persons by the DFSA

        • REC 4.4.3 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

        • REC 4.4.4 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

        • REC 4.4.5 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

        • REC 4.4.6 REC 4.4.6 [Deleted]

          [Deleted] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

          • REC 4.4.6 Guidance

            1. Where, pursuant to Article 37(7) of the Law, the DFSA removes a Person from its list of Recognised Persons, the DFSA will generally only do so if:
            a. the Recognised Person is in breach of, or has otherwise been in breach of, the Law or Rules or other legislation administered by the DFSA;
            b. the Recognised Person is failing, has failed, or is likely to fail, to satisfy the Recognition Criteria;
            c. the Recognised Person requests to have its name removed from the list of Recognised Persons; or
            d. the DFSA considers that the exercise of the power is otherwise necessary or desirable in the pursuit of its objectives.
            2. For the avoidance of doubt, the DFSA may remove a Person from the list of Recognised Persons in circumstances where such Person continues to meet the Recognition Criteria. This may include where the DFSA considers it necessary or desirable in the pursuit of its objectives to prevent damage to the reputation of the DIFC or to protect direct or indirect users of the financial services industry in the DIFC.
            3. If the DFSA proposes to remove a Person from its list of Recognised Persons, it is required under Article 37(9) of the Law to comply with the procedures in Schedule 3 to the Regulatory Law.
            4. If the DFSA decides to remove a Person from its list of Recognised Persons, the Person may refer the matter to the FMT for review.
            Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]
            [Amended] DFSA RM140/2014 (Made 21st August 2014). [VER8/06-14]

    • REC 5 REC 5 Transitional Provisions

      • REC 5.1 REC 5.1 Application

        • REC 5.1.1

          (1) Rule 5.1.2 applies to every Person to whom the Regulatory Law 2004 and any Rules made for the purposes of that law or the Markets Law 2004 applied immediately prior to the Effective Date.
          (2) The Effective Date for the purposes of this Rule is the date on which the Law comes into force.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]

        • REC 5.1.2

          (1) For the purposes of Article 1(5) of the Law, a Person who was recognised pursuant to Article 61 of the Regulatory Law 2004 as a Recognised Person and who has a valid Recognition Notice on the Effective Date is deemed to be recognised pursuant to the Law.
          (2) A Person in (1) will be admitted to the list maintained by the DFSA pursuant to Article 37(5) of the Law on the Effective Date.
          Derived from DFSA RM90/2012 (Made 14th June 2012). [VER7/06-12]