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  • PIB A6.1 PIB A6.1 Basic Indicator Approach

    • PIB A6.1.1 PIB A6.1.1

      (1) An Authorised Firm which uses the Basic Indicator Approach must calculate its Operational Risk Capital Requirement equal to the average over the previous three years of a fixed percentage (denoted alpha) of positive annual gross income.
      (2) In (1), if the figure for annual gross income in any of the previous three years is zero or negative an Authorised Firm must exclude such amounts from the calculation of the average.
      (3) The Operational Risk Capital Requirement in (1) must be calculated according to the following formula:

      KBIA = [Σ(GI1...n Xα)] / n


      KKIA = the Operational Risk Capital Requirement under the Basic Indicator Approach

      GI = the gross annual income, where positive, over the previous three years

      n = number of the previous three years for which gross income is positive

      α = 15%,
      (4) For the purpose of (1), "gross income" is net interest income plus net non-interest income and must:
      (a) be gross of any provisions (e.g. for unpaid interest);
      (b) be gross of operating expenses, including fees paid to outsourcing service providers;
      (c) exclude realised profits/losses from the sale of Securities in the Non-Trading Book; and
      (d) exclude extraordinary or irregular items as well as income derived from insurance recoveries.
      Derived from RM111/2012 (Made 15th October 2012). [VER20/12-12]

      • PIB A6.1.1 Guidance

        1. In PIB A6.1.1(1), the three year average should be calculated on the basis of the last three yearly observations at the end of the Authorised Firm's financial year. When audited figures are not available, business estimates may be used.
        2. If an Authorised Firm does not have sufficient income data to meet the three year requirement (e.g. a start-up), it may use its forecasted gross income projections for all or part of the three year time period. For example, if an Authorised Firm has two positive yearly gross incomes of USD 20 each and the final yearly observation shows a negative figure of USD 5, then the average should be calculated as USD 20 being USD 40 (sum of positive figures) divided by 2 (number of years for which positive figures are available).
        3. Net interest income in PIB A6.1.1(4) is the interest income minus interest expense. Guidance on what constitutes interest income and interest expense can be found in the PRU module.
        4. Net non-interest income in PIB A6.1.1(4) includes the income from fees and commissions, net income from trading Securities, net income from investment Securities, income from Islamic contracts and other operating income minus fee and commission expense. Guidance on non-interest income can be found in the PRU module.
        5. In PIB A6.1.1(4)(ii), outsourcing fees paid by the Authorised Firm should be excluded whereas any outsourcing fee received by the Authorised Firm should be included as part of the gross income.
        6. When income from revaluation of trading items is included in the income statement, such revaluation income should be included in the calculation of the gross income.
        Derived from RM111/2012 (Made 15th October 2012). [VER20/12-12]